Agro-ecology in dryland regions can bolster nutrition security
· The united nations environment Program defines agro-ecology as “an ecological approach to agriculture, usually delineate as low-external-input farming.
· Other terms like regenerative agriculture or eco-agriculture also are used.
· Agro-ecology isnt just a set of agricultural practices, it focuses on ever-changing social relations, empowering farmers, adding worth regionally and privileging short value chains.
· It permits farmers to adapt to global climate change, sustainably use and conserve natural resources and biodiversity
· In easy words, agro-ecology celebrates crop diversity.
· It seeks low energy external inputs, agro-ecological services as enterprises, soil coated for a large period of your time through multiple cropping, niche crops and regional markets.
· The Prime Minister’s call for utilize less fertilisers and pesticides “as an excellent step for saving mother earth” on august 15, 2019 and repeating of his “Vocal for Local” plan, aptly captures the essence of agro-ecology and it conjointly meets twelve out of the seventeen United Nations property Development Goals.
· Rain-fed areas give nutrition security through millets, pulses and oilseeds.
· Productivity of most of the rain-fed crops is meagerly as compared to their irrigated cousins and therefore traits of resilience and improved productivity are screened for under rain-fed crop improvement programs.
· Most of the endemic and cultivatable land races of those regions are ephemerals.
· The word ‘ephemeral’ denotes all plants lasting a really short period of your time and they inhabit rain-fed areas.
· Introducing agro-ecology in rain-fed areas may so be a decent policy choice.