Himachal’s women farmers expand their horizons, without hurting nature
· PrakritikKhetiKhushhalYojana (PK3Y) is promoting the climate resilient SubhashPalekar Natural Farming (SPNF), also called ‘Zero Budget Natural Farming.
· The scheme intends to offer subsidy with the financial assistance of Rs. 50,000 to encourage farmers for herbal farming.
· The scheme will cowl the activities being carried out through the department for the promoting of natural farming, RashtriyaKrishiVikasYojana (PKVY), PramparagatKrishiVikasYojana (PKVY) or another scheme had been related tonatural farming are being implemented.
· The Department of Agriculture would act the nodal agency for implementing PrakritikKhetiKhushhalKissanYojana under zero budget natural farming system.
· The State Level Committee under the Directorate of Agriculture is responsible for planning, enforcing, and tracking the zero price range natural farming.
· Zero Budget Natural Farming Zero budget natural farming is a method of chemical-free agriculture drawing from traditional Indian practices.
· It was at the start promoted by using agriculturist SubhashPalekar, who advanced it inside the mid-Nineteen Nineties as an opportunity to the Green Revolution’s techniques which can be pushed with the aid of chemical fertilizers andpesticides and intensive irrigation.
· It is a unique model that relies on Agro-ecology.
· It aims to bring down the cost of production to nearly zero and return to a pre-green revolution style of farming.
· It claims that there is no need for expensive inputs such as fertilisers, pesticides and intensive irrigation. ZBNF is based on 4 pillars:
· Jeevamrutha: It is a mixture of fresh cow dung and aged cow urine (both from India’s indigenous cow breed), jaggery, pulse flour, water and soil; to be applied on farmland.
· Bijamrita:It is a concoction of neem leaves & pulp, tobacco and inexperienced chilies organized for insect and pest management, that can be used to deal with seeds.Acchadana (Mulching): It protects topsoil during cultivation and does not destroy it by tilling.
· Whapasa:It is the situation where there are both air molecules and water molecules gift in the soil. Thereby helping in reducing irrigation requirement. It has been pioneered by Shri. SubhashPalekar. The ZBNF farm model is based on polycropping. The expenditure on the main crop is recovered from the income from the short duration inter crops, hence the net expenditure on the main crop is ‘zero’.